Rehabilitation Programmes for Persons in Custody (PICs)

Besides providing a decent and healthy environment for people remanded in custody, the Correctional Services Department (CSD) aims to provide diversified and appropriate rehabilitation programmes for PICs, which help them rehabilitate and re-integrate into society.

Rehabilitation Programmes of CSD

Here are the rehabilitation programmes provided by CSD and the target recipients.

Pre-sentence Assessment

Before the offender is sentenced, he may be referred by the court to a pre-sentence assessment. He will be interviewed on whether he is suitable for one of the rehabilitation programmes. The Department will then advise the court the most appropriate treatment for the offender.

Target recipients include PICs of:

  • Detention Centre
    The detention centre programme is carried out at Sha Tsui Correctional Institution for young male offenders aged between 14 and 20, and young male adults aged between 21 and 24. It emphasises strict discipline, strenuous training, hard work and a vigorous routine. After release, they are subject to a statutory supervision period of one year.
  • Rehabilitation Centres
    Rehabilitation Centres provide training to deal with young offenders aged between 14 and 20, and in need of a short-term residential rehabilitation programme. The programme consists of two phases with a total period of detention ranging from 3 to 9 months. Discharged young offenders are subject to a statutory period of supervision of one year.
  • Training Centres
    Training Centres provide correctional training for young offenders aged between 14 and 20 for training periods ranging from a minimum of 6 months to a maximum of 3 years. They are provided with half-day educational classes and half-day vocational training as well as character development programmes. Upon release, young offenders must have suitable employment, education or vocational training and are subject to a statutory period of supervision of three years.
  • Drug Addiction Treatment Centres
    Drug Addiction Treatment Centres provide compulsory treatment for drug addicts. A PIC undergoes in-centre treatment from 2 to 12 months, followed by one year’s statutory supervision. The programme is based on therapeutic treatment, discipline, work programmes, outdoor physical activities and comprehensive supervision services.

Young Offender Assessment

Young male offenders aged 14 to 24 and young female offenders aged 14 to 20 may be referred by the court and be interviewed by The Young Offender Assessment Panel, which is jointly formed by professionals of CSD and the Social Welfare Department. The panel will then recommend the most appropriate treatment for each case.

Welfare Support and Counselling

Right from the moment the offender is admitted to a correctional institution, he may receive the welfare support and counselling from the CSD.

The welfare support and counselling cover the following areas:

  • to cater for the offenders’ welfare needs;
  • to help the offenders cope with their adjustment problems arising from imprisonment;
  • to assist in the provision of various rehabilitation programmes to meet the rehabilitative needs of the offenders; and
  • to help the offenders get prepared for their release by providing them with pre-release counselling services and if necessary, referring them to appropriate social welfare organisations for follow-up support and services.

Psychological Services

Psychological services are provided to improve the mental health of PICs and to change their offending behaviours.

The services are carried out by a team of clinical psychologists and departmental officers trained in psychological work. Programmes include:

  • treatment programme for sex offenders and offenders with substance abuse;
  • mental health programme and violence prevention programme for adult offenders;
  • offending behaviour programme for young offenders to develop pro-social values and to change their offending behaviours;
  • parent-inmate programme to enhance the involvement of the offenders’ families in the rehabilitation process.


Young PICs under 21 receive compulsory formal day classes for general subjects, as well as classes on commercial subjects and computer applications. Young PICs are also encouraged to take public examinations, such as the City and Guilds examinations, the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry examinations, the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination and the Hong Kong Institute of Accredited Accounting Technicians examinations.

For adult PICs, they can participate on voluntary basis in self-studying courses or distance-learning programmes including tertiary education courses offered by external educational organisations and institutes.

Vocational Training

Young PICs under 21 receive half-day vocational training in technical or business streams, which help them obtain vocational qualifications. They include:

  • courses for public examinations of the City and Guilds
  • courses for taking the trade tests conducted by the Vocational Training Council or the Construction Industry Council Training Academy
  • courses for acquiring vocational skills for job placement

Adult PICs can also obtain vocational qualifications by taking trade tests conducted by the Construction Industry Council Training Academy and the Vocational Training Council. To prepare for employment after release, pre-release vocational courses may be provided.

Statutory Supervision

PICs may be discharged for statutory supervision before the end of their imprisonment under the Release Under Supervision Scheme and the Pre-release Employment Scheme. The supervision staff will visit the supervisees’ home or workplace regularly. With the support of the PICs’ families, other persons (including employers, NGOs, etc.) and supervision staff, the PICs can prepare for the challenges on their return to the community.

PICs released from training centres, rehabilitation centres, detention centre and drug addiction treatment centres and those subject to post release supervision under Post-Release Supervision of Prisoners Ordinance and Long-term Prison Sentences Review Ordinance will also be supervised by supervision staff so that they can re-integrate into the society smoothly.

Non-governmental Organisations of Rehabilitation Programmes for PICs

There are over 80 non-government organisations which are actively involved in the rehabilitation services for PICs. You can refer to the list below.

  1. Agency for Volunteer Service
  2. Alliance Bible Seminary Student Evangelistic Band
  3. Alpha Course HK
  4. Barnabas Charitable Service Association
  5. Breakthrough Youth Village
  6. Buddha's Light International Association of HK
  7. Canossian Missions
  8. Care and Love Foundation Company Limited
  9. Care of Rehabilitated Offenders Association Limited
  10. Caritas – Hong Kong (Caritas Community Support Project on Development of Sexual Health)
  11. Caritas Lok Heep Club
  12. Catholic Diocese of HK Bishop's Office
  13. Chabad of Hong Kong
  14. Changing Young Lives Foundation
  15. Cheong Bun Gratia Association
  16. Chinese YMCA of HK
  17. Christian & Missionary Alliance Church Union HK
  18. Christian Action
  19. Christian Fellowship of Pastoral Care for Youth
  20. Christian New Life Association
  21. Christian Prison Pastoral Association
  22. City University of Hong Kong Staff Association
  23. Clothing Industry Training Authority
  24. Confucian Academy
  25. Dawat-e Islami Hong Kong
  26. Fan Kwan Timor Domini Association
  27. Friendship Society
  28. Fullness Christian Vocational Training Centre Limited
  29. Fung Ying Seen Koon
  30. Hon Jor Sapientia Association
  31. Hong Kong Buddhist Library
  32. Hong Kong Christian Kun Sun Association
  33. Hong Kong Christian Service
  34. Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups
  35. Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union
  36. Hong Kong Social Enterprise Incubation Centre
  37. Hong Kong Young Industrialists Council
  38. International CICA Association of Esthetics – CIDESCO Section China
  39. International Social Service Hong Kong Branch
  40. Joy Tak Mildness Association
  41. Khalsa Diwan (Sikh Temple) Hong Kong
  42. Lay Prison Evangelical Organisation
  43. Lions Clubs International District 303 - Hong Kong & Macau
  44. Lok Sin Tong Benevolent Society, Kowloon
  45. Man Lan Intellectus Association
  46. Merchants Support for Rehabilitated Offenders Committee Limited
  47. Methodist Centre
  48. Ming Toa Consillium Asociation
  49. Mother of Good Counsel Parish
  50. Ohel Leah Synagogue
  51. Operation Dawn Hong Kong
  52. Prisoners' Friends' Association
  53. Rotary Club of Wanchai
  54. Rotary International District 3450
  55. Scout Association of Hong Kong
  56. Shui Ting Scientia Association
  57. Sik Sik Yuen
  58. Sisters of the Good Shepherd - China District
  59. Society for Community Organization
  60. Society for the Aid and Rehabilitation of Drug Abusers
  61. St. Augustine Youth Association
  62. St. Paul's Correspondence Association
  63. St. Peter's Revival Association
  64. Teresa Confidence Association
  65. The Centurion Lions Club, Hong Kong
  66. The Chinese Muslim Cultural & Fraternal Association
  67. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of HK
  68. The Hong Kong Award for Young People
  69. The Hong Kong Girl Guides Association
  70. The Hong Kong Institute of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism Ltd.
  71. The Incorporated Trustees of The Islamic Community Fund of HK
  72. The Salvation Army
  73. The Society of Rehabilitation & Crime Prevention, HK
  74. Tien Shen Spes Association
  75. Tung Sin Tan
  76. Vocational Training Council
  77. Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania
  78. Wong Sing Pietas Association
  79. Wu Oi Christian Centre
  80. Xavier Fellowship Association
  81. Yan Chai Hospital
  82. Yan Oi Tong
  83. Yang Memorial Methodist Social Service
  84. Yuen Yuen Institute
  85. Zhao Rong Meekness Association
  86. Zi Teng
  87. Zonta Club of Hong Kong
  88. Zonta Club of Kowloon


Community Education

Apart from providing safe custody and rehabilitation programmes, CSD has endeavoured to collaborate with educational institutions and community service organisations in order to proactively promote community education. We aim at helping students and young people develop positive values towards life and become responsible and law-abiding citizens with a view to reducing crime.

In September 2008, CSD launched the Rehabilitation Pioneer Project (RPP) targeting at secondary school students and youngsters. Through a series of activities such as Education Talks, Personal Encounter with Prisoners Scheme, Green Haven Scheme, Visits to Hong Kong Correctional Services Museum, Extended Training Camp, Student Forum, Drama and Music Performance of “Creation and Rehabilitation”, The Reflective Path and Summer Camp, CSD seeks to disseminate to young people the messages of leading a law-abiding and drug-free life as well as supporting offender rehabilitation.


For more information, you can contact the CSD’s hotline at (852) 2511 3511 or email to

Last review date: August 2018
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