Rehabilitation Services for Inmates

Besides providing a decent and healthy environment for people remanded in custody, the Correctional Services Department (CSD) aims to provide comprehensive rehabilitation services for inmates, which help them rehabilitate and re-integrate into society.

Rehabilitation Services of CSD

Here are the rehabilitation services provided by CSD and the target recipients of the services.

Pre-sentence Assessment Services

Before the offender is sentenced, he may be referred by the court to a pre-sentence assessment. He will be interviewed on whether he is suitable for one of the rehabilitation programmes. The Department will then advise the court the most appropriate treatment for the offender.

Target recipients include inmates of:

  • Detention Centre
    The detention centre programme is carried out at Sha Tsui Detention Centre for young male offenders aged between 14 and 20, and young male adults aged between 21 and 24. It emphasises strict discipline, strenuous training, hard work and a vigorous routine. After release, detainees are subject to a statutory supervision period of one year.
  • Rehabilitation Centres
    Rehabilitation Centres provide training to deal with young offenders aged between 14 and 20, and in need of a short-term residential rehabilitation programme. The programme consists of two phases with a total period of detention ranging from 3 to 9 months. Discharged young offenders are subject to a statutory period of supervision of one year.
  • Training Centres
    Training Centres provide correctional training for young offenders aged between 14 and 20 for periods ranging from a minimum of 6 months to a maximum of 3 years. They are provided with half-day educational classes and half-day vocational training as well as character development programmes. Upon release, young offenders must have suitable employment, education or vocational training and are subject to a statutory period of supervision of three years.
  • Drug Addiction Treatment Centres
    Drug Addiction Treatment Centres provide compulsory treatment for drug addicts. An inmate undergoes in-centre treatment from 2 to 12 months, followed by one year’s statutory supervision. The programme is based on therapeutic treatment, discipline, work programmes, outdoor physical activities and comprehensive supervision services.

Young Offender Assessment

Young male offenders aged 14 to 24 and young female offenders aged 14 to 20 may be referred by the court and be interviewed by The Young Offender Assessment Panel, which is jointly formed by professionals of CSD and the Social Welfare Department. The panel will then recommend the most appropriate treatment for each case.

Welfare and Counselling Services

Right from the moment the offender is admitted to prison, he may receive the welfare and counselling services from the CSD.

The welfare and counselling services cover the following areas:

  • to cater for the offenders’ welfare needs;
  • to help the offenders cope with their adjustment problems arising from imprisonment;
  • to assist in the provision of various rehabilitation programmes to meet the rehabilitative needs of the offenders; and
  • to help the offenders get prepared for their release by providing them with pre-release counselling services and if necessary, referring them to appropriate social welfare organisations for follow-up support and services.

Psychological Services

Psychological services are provided to improve the mental health of inmates and to change their offending behaviours.
The services are carried out by a team of clinical psychologists and departmental officers trained in psychological work. Programmes include:

  • treatment programme for sex offenders and offenders with substance abuse;
  • mental health programme and violence prevention programme for adult offenders;
  • offending behaviour programme for young offenders to develop pro-social values and to change their offending behaviours;
  • parent-inmate programme to enhance the involvement of the offenders’ families in the rehabilitation process.


Young offenders under 21 receive compulsory formal day classes for general subjects, as well as classes on commercial subjects and computer applications. Inmates are also encouraged to take public examinations, such as the City and Guilds examinations, the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry examinations, the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination, the Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination and the Hong Kong Institute of Accredited Accounting Technicians examinations.

For adult prisoners, they can participate on voluntary basis in self-studying courses or distance-learning programmes including tertiary education courses offered by external educational organisations and institutes.

Vocational Training

Young inmates under 21 receive half-day vocational training in technical or business streams, which help them obtain vocational qualifications. They include:

  • courses for public examinations of the City and Guilds
  • courses for taking the trade tests conducted by the Vocational Training Council or the Construction Industry Council Training Academy
  • courses for acquiring vocational skills for job placement

Adult prisoners can also obtain vocational qualifications by taking trade tests conducted by the Construction Industry Council Training Academy and the Vocational Training Council. To prepare for employment after release, pre-release vocational courses may be provided.

Supervision Services

Prisoners may be discharged for statutory supervision before the end of their imprisonment under the Release Under Supervision Scheme and the Pre-release Employment Scheme. The supervision staff will visit the discharged prisoners’ home or workplace regularly. With the support of the prisoners’ families, other persons and the staff, the prisoners can prepare for the challenges on their return to the community.

Prisoners released from training centres, rehabilitation centres, detention centre and drug addiction treatment centres and those subject to post release supervision under Post-Release Supervision of Prisoners Ordinance and Long-term Prison Sentences Review Ordinance will also be supervised by supervision staff so that they can re-integrate into the society smoothly.

Non-governmental Organisations of Rehabilitation Services for Inmates

There are over 80 non-government organisations which are actively involved in the rehabilitation services for inmates. You can refer to the list below.

  1. Alliance Bible Seminary Student Evangelistic Band
  2. Alpha Course HK
  3. Buddha's Light International Association of HK
  4. Canossian Missions
  5. Catholic Diocese of HK Bishop's Office
  6. Chabad of Hong Kong
  7. Changing Young Lives Foundation
  8. Cheong Bun Gratia Association
  9. Christian & Missionary Alliance Church Union HK
  10. Christian Fellowship of Pastoral Care for Youth
  11. Christian New Life Association
  12. Christian Prison Pastoral Association
  13. Dawat-e Islami Hong Kong
  14. Fan Kwan Timor Domini Association
  15. Friendship Society
  16. Fung Ying Seen Koon
  17. Hon Jor Sapientia Association
  18. Hong Kong Buddhist Library
  19. Hong Kong Christian Kun Sun Association
  20. International Social Service Hong Kong Branch
  21. Joy Tak Mildness Association
  22. Lay Prison Evangelical Organisation
  23. Man Lan Intellectus Association
  24. Ming Toa Consillium Asociation
  25. Mother of Good Counsel Parish
  26. Ohel Leah Synagogue
  27. Prisoners' Friends' Association
  28. Shui Ting Scientia Association
  29. Sik Sik Yuen
  30. Sisters of the Good Shepherd - China District
  31. Society for Community Organization
  32. St. Augustine Youth Association
  33. St. Paul's Correspondence Association
  34. Teresa Confidence Association
  35. The Chinese Muslim Cultural & Fraternal Association
  36. The Hong Kong Institute of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism Ltd.
  37. The Incorporated Trustees of The Islamic Community Fund of HK
  38. The Society of Rehabilitation & Crime Prevention, HK
  39. Tien Shen Spes Association
  40. Tung Sin Tan
  41. Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania
  42. Wong Sing Pietas Association
  43. Wu Oi Christian Centre
  44. Xavier Fellowship Association
  45. Yuen Yuen Institute
  46. Zhao Rong Meekness Association
  47. Zi Teng
  48. Caritas – Hong Kong (Caritas Community Support Project on Development of Sexual Health)
  49. Barnabas Charitable Service Association
  50. Breakthrough Youth Village
  51. Caritas Lok Heep Club
  52. Chinese YMCA of HK
  53. Confucian Academy
  54. Hong Kong Christian Service
  55. Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups
  56. Hong Kong Social Enterprise Incubation Centre
  57. Hong Kong Young Industrialists Council
  58. Lions Clubs International District 303 - Hong Kong & Macau
  59. Methodist Centre
  60. Scout Association of Hong Kong
  61. The Centurion Lions Club, Hong Kong
  62. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of HK
  63. The Hong Kong Award for Young People
  64. The Hong Kong Girl Guides Association
  65. The Salvation Army
  66. Yang Memorial Methodist Social Service
  67. Agency for Volunteer Service
  68. City University of Hong Kong Staff Association
  69. Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union
  70. Care of Rehabilitated Offenders Association Limited
  71. Lok Sin Tong Benevolent Society, Kowloon
  72. Merchants Support for Rehabilitated Offenders Committee Limited
  73. Rotary Club of Wanchai
  74. Rotary International District 3450
  75. Yan Chai Hospital
  76. Yan Oi Tong
  77. Zonta Club of Kowloon
  78. Zonta Club of Hong Kong
  79. Christian Action
  80. Clothing Industry Training Authority
  81. Fullness Christian Vocational Training Centre Limited
  82. International CICA Association of Esthetics – CIDESCO Section China
  83. Vocational Training Council


For more information, you can contact the CSD’s hotline at (852) 2511 3511 or email to

Last review date: May 2014