Producer Responsibility Schemes

Producer responsibility scheme (PRS) is a key policy tool in the waste management strategy in Hong Kong. Enshrining the principle of “polluter pays” and the element of “eco-responsibility”, the PRS concept requires manufacturers, importers, wholesalers, retailers and consumers to share the responsibility for the collection, recycling, treatment and disposal of end-of-life products with a view to avoiding and reducing the environmental impacts caused by such products at the post-consumer stage.


The Product Eco-responsibility Ordinance (Cap. 603) (PERO) was enacted in July 2008 which provides the shared core elements of all PRSs and the fundamental regulatory requirements in respect of individual types of product, with operational details to be set out in the Ordinance and its subsidiary legislation.

The Environmental Levy Scheme on Plastic Shopping Bags (PSB Levy Scheme) is the first PRS introduced in 2009 aiming to reduce the excessive use of plastic shopping bags (PSBs) through a direct economic disincentive imposed on consumers as a mandatory charge. It was fully implemented to cover all retail outlets with effect from 1 April 2015.

More information on PSB Charging Scheme

Following the PSB Levy Scheme, the Government is also implementing the PRS on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) (WPRS) to facilitate the proper treatment of WEEE in Hong Kong, as well as the PRS on Glass Beverage Containers (GPRS) progressively to better promote the recycling of waste glass containers, turning waste into resources.

More information on WPRSMore information on GPRS

Besides, as a key measure to tackle the challenge of waste plastics in Hong Kong, the Government will press ahead first with the introduction of a PRS for plastic beverage containers which account for about 60% of the overall plastic containers disposed of in Hong Kong.

More information on the PRS on plastic beverage containers
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Last revision date: April 2021