Hong Kong Tidal Stream Prediction Service

Introduction

Hydrographic Office (HO) of Marine Department has introduced a computer-based Tidal Stream Prediction System to generate tidal stream predictions for some 1,200 points across Hong Kong waters.  The predictions include the tidal stream speed and direction for each point at 15-min interval for a period of 11 days, which includes 8 days in advance of and 2 days before the current date.  Such information is available for on-line checking and download in the Hong Kong Tidal Stream Prediction System website and will be renewed daily.

 

Accuracy of Prediction

The tidal stream prediction made by Hong Kong Tidal Stream Prediction System is based on the tidal components generated from the updated Hong Kong Tidal Atlas model. The tidal components consist of amplitude and phase of 67 chosen tidal constituents. These predictions will deviate from the actual conditions in the field since temporal and localised meteorological effects and non-tidal flow variations could not be taken into account. Moreover, its accuracy further depends on the chosen tidal constituent set, accuracy of the underlying model, length of the simulation and location of the data points within the model, etc. According to the comparison of the predicted data with the actual field observed data, the average difference in current peak speed ranges from 0.03 m/s to 0.21 m/s, while the average phase difference in peak speed ranges from 50 minutes to 75 minutes.

 

Link to Hong Kong Tidal Stream Prediction System
Last revision date: October 2016