Besides providing a decent and healthy environment for people remanded in custody, the Correctional Services Department (CSD) aims to provide comprehensive rehabilitation services for inmates, which help them rehabilitate and re-integrate into society.
Rehabilitation Services of CSD
Here are the rehabilitation services provided by CSD and the target recipients of the services.
Pre-sentence Assessment Services
Before the offender is sentenced, he may be referred by the court to a pre-sentence assessment. He will be interviewed on whether he is suitable for one of the rehabilitation programmes. The Department will then advise the court the most appropriate treatment for the offender.
Target recipients include inmates of:
The detention centre programme is carried out at Sha Tsui Detention Centre for young male offenders aged between 14 and 20, and young male adults aged between 21 and 24. It emphasises strict discipline, strenuous training, hard work and a vigorous routine. After release, detainees are subject to a statutory supervision period of one year.
Rehabilitation Centres provide training to deal with young offenders aged between 14 and 20, and in need of a short-term residential rehabilitation programme. The programme consists of two phases with a total period of detention ranging from 3 to 9 months. Discharged young offenders are subject to a statutory period of supervision of one year.
Training Centres provide correctional training for young offenders aged between 14 and 20 for periods ranging from a minimum of 6 months to a maximum of 3 years. They are provided with half-day educational classes and half-day vocational training as well as character development programmes. Upon release, young offenders must have suitable employment, education or vocational training and are subject to a statutory period of supervision of three years.
Drug Addiction Treatment Centres
Drug Addiction Treatment Centres provide compulsory treatment for drug addicts. An inmate undergoes in-centre treatment from 2 to 12 months, followed by one year’s statutory supervision. The programme is based on therapeutic treatment, discipline, work programmes, outdoor physical activities and comprehensive supervision services.
Young Offender Assessment
Young male offenders aged 14 to 24 and young female offenders aged 14 to 20 may be referred by the court and be interviewed by The Young Offender Assessment Panel, which is jointly formed by professionals of CSD and the Social Welfare Department. The panel will then recommend the most appropriate treatment for each case.
Welfare and Counselling Services
Right from the moment the offender is admitted to prison, he may receive the welfare and counselling services from the CSD.
The welfare and counselling services cover the following areas:
- to cater for the offenders’ welfare needs;
- to help the offenders cope with their adjustment problems arising from imprisonment;
- to assist in the provision of various rehabilitation programmes to meet the rehabilitative needs of the offenders; and
- to help the offenders get prepared for their release by providing them with pre-release counselling services and if necessary, referring them to appropriate social welfare organisations for follow-up support and services.
Psychological services are provided to improve the mental health of inmates and to change their offending behaviours.
The services are carried out by a team of clinical psychologists and departmental officers trained in psychological work. Programmes include:
- treatment programme for sex offenders and offenders with substance abuse;
- mental health programme and violence prevention programme for adult offenders;
- offending behaviour programme for young offenders to develop pro-social values and to change their offending behaviours;
- parent-inmate programme to enhance the involvement of the offenders’ families in the rehabilitation process.
Young offenders under 21 receive compulsory formal day classes for general subjects, as well as classes on commercial subjects and computer applications. Inmates are also encouraged to take public examinations, such as the City and Guilds examinations, the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry examinations, the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination, the Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination and the Hong Kong Institute of Accredited Accounting Technicians examinations.
For adult prisoners, they can participate on voluntary basis in self-studying courses or distance-learning programmes including tertiary education courses offered by external educational organisations and institutes.
Young inmates under 21 receive half-day vocational training in technical or business streams, which help them obtain vocational qualifications. They include:
- courses for public examinations of the City and Guilds
- courses for taking the trade tests conducted by the Vocational Training Council or the Construction Industry Council Training Academy
- courses for acquiring vocational skills for job placement
Adult prisoners can also obtain vocational qualifications by taking trade tests conducted by the Construction Industry Council Training Academy and the Vocational Training Council. To prepare for employment after release, pre-release vocational courses may be provided.
Prisoners may be discharged for statutory supervision before the end of their imprisonment under the Release Under Supervision Scheme and the Pre-release Employment Scheme. The supervision staff will visit the discharged prisoners’ home or workplace regularly. With the support of the prisoners’ families, other persons and the staff, the prisoners can prepare for the challenges on their return to the community.
Prisoners released from training centres, rehabilitation centres, detention centre and drug addiction treatment centres and those subject to post release supervision under Post-Release Supervision of Prisoners Ordinance and Long-term Prison Sentences Review Ordinance will also be supervised by supervision staff so that they can re-integrate into the society smoothly.
Non-governmental Organisations of Rehabilitation Services for Inmates
There are over 80 non-government organisations which are actively involved in the rehabilitation services for inmates. You can refer to the list below.
- Alliance Bible Seminary Student Evangelistic Band
- Alpha Course HK
- Buddha's Light International Association of HK
- Canossian Missions
- Catholic Diocese of HK Bishop's Office
- Chabad of Hong Kong
- Changing Young Lives Foundation
- Cheong Bun Gratia Association
- Christian & Missionary Alliance Church Union HK
- Christian Fellowship of Pastoral Care for Youth
- Christian New Life Association
- Christian Prison Pastoral Association
- Dawat-e Islami Hong Kong
- Fan Kwan Timor Domini Association
- Friendship Society
- Fung Ying Seen Koon
- Hon Jor Sapientia Association
- Hong Kong Buddhist Library
- Hong Kong Christian Kun Sun Association
- International Social Service Hong Kong Branch
- Joy Tak Mildness Association
- Lay Prison Evangelical Organisation
- Man Lan Intellectus Association
- Ming Toa Consillium Asociation
- Mother of Good Counsel Parish
- Ohel Leah Synagogue
- Prisoners' Friends' Association
- Shui Ting Scientia Association
- Sik Sik Yuen
- Sisters of the Good Shepherd - China District
- Society for Community Organization
- St. Augustine Youth Association
- St. Paul's Correspondence Association
- Teresa Confidence Association
- The Chinese Muslim Cultural & Fraternal Association
- The Hong Kong Institute of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism Ltd.
- The Incorporated Trustees of The Islamic Community Fund of HK
- The Society of Rehabilitation & Crime Prevention, HK
- Tien Shen Spes Association
- Tung Sin Tan
- Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania
- Wong Sing Pietas Association
- Wu Oi Christian Centre
- Xavier Fellowship Association
- Yuen Yuen Institute
- Zhao Rong Meekness Association
- Zi Teng
- Caritas – Hong Kong (Caritas Community Support Project on Development of Sexual Health)
- Barnabas Charitable Service Association
- Breakthrough Youth Village
- Caritas Lok Heep Club
- Chinese YMCA of HK
- Confucian Academy
- Hong Kong Christian Service
- Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups
- Hong Kong Social Enterprise Incubation Centre
- Hong Kong Young Industrialists Council
- Lions Clubs International District 303 - Hong Kong & Macau
- Methodist Centre
- Scout Association of Hong Kong
- The Centurion Lions Club, Hong Kong
- The Evangelical Lutheran Church of HK
- The Hong Kong Award for Young People
- The Hong Kong Girl Guides Association
- The Salvation Army
- Yang Memorial Methodist Social Service
- Agency for Volunteer Service
- City University of Hong Kong Staff Association
- Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union
- Care of Rehabilitated Offenders Association Limited
- Lok Sin Tong Benevolent Society, Kowloon
- Merchants Support for Rehabilitated Offenders Committee Limited
- Rotary Club of Wanchai
- Rotary International District 3450
- Yan Chai Hospital
- Yan Oi Tong
- Zonta Club of Kowloon
- Zonta Club of Hong Kong
- Christian Action
- Clothing Industry Training Authority
- Fullness Christian Vocational Training Centre Limited
- International CICA Association of Esthetics – CIDESCO Section China
- Vocational Training Council
For more information, you can contact the CSD’s hotline at (852) 2511 3511 or email to email@example.com:firstname.lastname@example.org.
Last review date: October 2010